A trove of memorable events occurred during this week in rock and roll history. An iconic alternative-rock band performed in public for the first time, sessions for a landmark ‘70s album began in San Francisco, and an unlikely rock opera (not by The Who) opened on Broadway. Read on for a look back at other significant moments that shaped rock and roll during this historically eventful week.

Events

1951 – Les Paul and Mary Ford’s “How High the Moon” hits Number One.

1963 – The Beatles and The Rolling Stones meet for the first time, at the Crawdaddy Club in Richmond, Surrey.

1965 -- The legendary “T.A.M.I. Show” film opens in London under the title “Teenage Command Performance.” The film features The Rolling Stones, The Supremes, James Brown, the Four Tops and Smokey Robinson and the Miracles.

1967 – The Beatles wrap up recording sessions for Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band.

Beatles

1968 – Deep Purple make their debut stage appearance, in Kastrup, Denmark.

1969 – The Who perform Tommy in its entirety for the first time, at a show in Dolton, England.

1969 – John Lennon officially changes his full name from John Winston Lennon to John Winston Ono Lennon.

1969 -- The Band perform their first solo concert, staging a show in San Francisco, California.

1970 – Elton John makes his solo stage debut, opening for Spooky Tooth, T.Rex and Jackie Lomax at The Roundhouse in London.

1970 – Santana begin sessions for their breakthrough album, Abraxas. Upon its release in September, the album tops the U.S. album charts.

1971 – Three Dog Night’s recording of “Joy to the World” hits the Number One spot, where it remains for six weeks.

1973 – The original Alice Cooper’s Billion Dollar Babies album hits the Number One spot in the U.S.

1975 -- Alice Cooper’s first TV special, “Welcome to My Nightmare: The Making of a Record Album,” airs on network television in America.

1978 – Bob Marley appears as headliner at the One Love Peace Concert in Jamaica. It’s the reggae legend’s first public appearance in his home country since the attempt on his life two years earlier.

1980 – R.E.M. perform their first show under the name R.E.M., at a small, unlicensed venue in Athens, Georgia.

1981 – Prog-rockers Yes disband temporarily when Chris Squire and Alan White leave to begin rehearsing with Robert Plant and Jimmy Page. The intended “supergroup” fails to materialize, however, and Yes later reforms to release the hugely successful 90125 album.

1990 – In Rio de Janeiro, a record crowd of 184,000 turn out to see the final show of Paul McCartney’s 330-city tour.

1991 – Small Faces and Humble Pie frontman Steve Marriott dies tragically, when a fire sweeps through his home in Arkesden, Essex. He is just 44 years old.

2010 – Green Day’s “American Idiot” rock opera opens on Broadway, one year after its debut at the Berkeley Repertory Theatre.

Green Day

2015 – Ringo Starr becomes the last of The Beatles to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a solo artist.


Releases

1957 -- Ricky Nelson:  “I’m Walkin’” (single)

1965 -- The Beatles:  “Ticket to Ride” (single)

1966 -- The Troggs: “Wild Thing” (single)

1968 -- The Zombies:  Odessey and Oracle

1970 – Paul McCartney:  McCartney

1970 -- Jethro Tull:  Benefit

1971 -- The Doors:  L.A. Woman

1971 -- The Rolling Stones:  Sticky Fingers

1973 – Eagles: Desparado

1974 – Robin Trower: Bridge of Sighs

1975 -- ZZ Top:  Fandango!

1976 – The Rolling Stones: Black and Blue

Rolling Stones

1976 -- The Ramones:  Ramones

1980 -- Pete Townshend: Empty Glass

1982 – Laurie Anderson: Big Science

1985 – Prince: Around the World in a Day

1988 – The Jesus and Mary Chain:  Barbed Wire Kisses

1989 – Pixies: Doolittle

1993 – Shania Twain:  Shania Twain

1993 – Aerosmith:  Get a Grip

1998 -- Jimmy Page and Robert Plant:  Walking Into Clarksdale

2002 – Paul Westerberg:  Stereo

2002 – Wilco:  Yankee Hotel Foxtrot


Deaths

Eddie Cochran – April 17, 1960

Sandy Denny (Fairport Convention) -- April 21, 1978

Felix Pappalardi – April 17, 1983

Steve Marriott -- April 20, 1991

Johnny Thunders -- April 23, 1991

Johnny Thunders

Johnny Shines -- April 20, 1992

Bernard Edwards (Chic) -- April 18, 1996

Linda McCartney – April 17, 1998

Earl King – April 17, 2003

Nina Simone -- April 21, 2003

Danny Federici (E Street Band) – April 17, 2008

Levon Helm -- April 19, 2012

Storm Thorgerson (album designer) -- April 18, 2013

Richie Havens -- April 22, 2013


Births

Clarence “Gatemouth” Brown -- April 18, 1924

Don Kirshner – April 17, 1934

Paul Rothchild (Producer) -- April 18, 1935

Glen Campbell -- April 22, 1936

Roy Orbison -- April 23, 1936

Skip Spence -- April 18, 1946

Iggy Pop -- April 21, 1947

Iggy Pop

Jan Hammer – April 17, 1948

Paul Davis -- April 21, 1948

Peter Frampton -- April 22, 1950

Luther Vandross -- April 20, 1951

Paul Carrack -- April 22, 1951

Pete Shelley (Buzzcocks) – April 17, 1955

Robert Smith (The Cure) - April 21, 1959

Steve Clark (Def Leppard) -- April 23, 1960

Liz Phair – April 17, 1967