Historically speaking, this week in rock music has been marked by a trove of memorable events. Pop music’s most important band made their television debut, one of rock’s greatest heavy metal bands kicked off their third U.S. tour, and classic rock legends Santana made a spectacular comeback. A spate of classic albums was released as well, including landmark records by David Bowie, Bob Seger and the Rolling Stones. Read on for a look back at other significant moments that shaped rock and roll during this historically eventful week.

Events

1959 – Paul McCartney makes his debut appearance with The Quarrymen, performing alongside John Lennon and three other band members.

1960 – Roy Orbison scores his first U.K. Number One hit, with “Only the Lonely.”

Roy Orbison

1962 – The Beatles make their television debut, performing the songs “Some Other Guy” and “Love Me Do” live on a show titled “People and Places,” in Manchester, England.

1966 – The Jimi Hendrix Experience play their first major public show as a band, appearing at the Olympia Theatre in Paris, France.

1969 – Peter Frampton meets singer Steve Marriott. The two begin plans for a new band, which emerges the following April as Humble Pie.

1969 – Led Zeppelin kicks off their third U.S. tour, performing at New York City’s Carnegie Hall.

1969 – Rod Stewart joins The Faces.

1972 – Creedence Clearwater Revival disbands.

1976 – Keith Moon plays his last show with The Who, as the band completes a North American tour in Toronto. The drummer dies two years later in September of 1978.

1977 – The Led Zeppelin film “The Song Remains the Same” premieres in New York City and in London. The band attends the New York premiere.

1977 – In Greenville, S.C., Lynyrd Skynyrd play their last show prior to the plane crash in which three members of the band lost their lives in one of rock’s most devastating tragedies.

1978 – The Police make their U.S. debut, performing at CBGB’s in New York.

1986 – Footage of a tribute concert celebrating Chuck Berry’s 60th birthday is shot in St. Louis, for the 1987 documentary film “Hail! Hail! Rock ‘N’ Roll.” In addition to Berry himself, performers include Keith Richards, Eric Clapton, and Etta James, among others.

1991 – Red Hot Chili Peppers kick off their Blood Sugar Sex Majik tour. Up-and-comers Pearl Jam are one of the opening acts.

1999 – Santana’s Supernatural album tops the charts, giving the group their first Number One album in 28 years.

Santana

2001 – Concerts are staged at Madison Square Garden in New York and at RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C., to raise funds for victims of the 9/11 attacks. David Bowie, Paul McCartney, The Who and Eric Clapton are among the performers.

2006 – Legendary punk club CBGB closes after a 33-year run in New York City.

2008 – Guns N’ Roses release their first new material in nearly a decade, issuing the title track from the new album, Chinese Democracy. Singer Axl Rose is the sole original member of the band.


Releases

1964 – The Rolling Stones: 12 x 5

1964 – Simon & Garfunkel: Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M.

1964 – Dusty Springfield: Dusty

1968 – Three Dog Night: Three Dog Night

1968 – The Jimi Hendrix Experience: Electric Ladyland

1969 – Led Zeppelin: II

1969 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono: Wedding Album

1970 – Bob Dylan: New Morning

1971 – The Doors: Other Voices

1973 – Montrose: Montrose

1973 – Bob Marley & The Wailers: Burnin’

1973 – America: Hat Trick

1973 – Peter Frampton: Frampton’s Camel

1973 – David Bowie: Pinups

1973 – Montrose: Montrose

Montrose

1973 – The Wailers: Burnin’

1974 – KISS: Hotter Than Hell

1974 – Rolling Stones: It’s Only Rock ‘n Roll

1976 – Frank Zappa: Zoot Allures

1976 – Elton John: Blue Moves

1976 – Led Zeppelin: The Song Remains the Same (live)

1976 – Bob Seger: Night Moves

Bob Seger

1977 – Lynyrd Skynyrd: Street Survivors

1977 – Meat Loaf: Bat Out of Hell

1979 -- Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers: Damn the Torpedoes                    

1979 – Prince: Prince

1980 – U2: Boy

1980 – Bruce Springsteen: The River

1980 – Cheap Trick: All Shook Up

1981 – The Human League: Dare

1981 – Eurythmics: In the Garden

1985 – The Cult: Love

1987 – INXS: Kick

1988 – Steve Earle: Copperhead Road

1988 – Sonic Youth: Daydream Nation

1989 – Nine Inch Nails: Pretty Hate Machine

1989 – Kiss: Hot in the Shade

1990 – Goo Goo Dolls: Hold Me Up

1990 – ZZ Top: Recycler

1990 – Paul Simon: The Rhythm of the Saints

1991 – Matthew Sweet: Girlfriend

1991 – Neil Young: Weld

1992 – Keith Richards: Main Offender

1993 – Pearl Jam: Vs.

1993 – Sarah McLachlan: Fumbling Towards Ecstasy

1995 – Steely Dan: Alive in America

1998 – Black Sabbath: Reunion

Black Sabbath

1999 – Keith Urban: Keith Urban

2000 – Tony Iommi: Iommi

2001 – Ozzy Osbourne: Down to Earth

2002 – Foo Fighters: One By One

2002 – Santana: Shaman

2003 – Paul Westerberg: Come Feel Me Tremble

2011 – Coldplay: Mylo Xyloto


Deaths

Leonard Chess – Oct. 16, 1969

Gene Krupa – Oct. 16, 1973

Ronnie Van Zant – Oct. 20, 1977

Steve Gaines – Oct. 20, 1977

Merle Travis – Oct. 20, 1983

Son House – Oct. 19, 1988

Don Cherry – Oct. 19, 1995

Shannon Hoon (Blind Melon) – Oct. 21, 1995

Glen Buxton (Alice Cooper) – Oct. 19, 1997

Derek Bell (The Chieftains) – Oct. 17, 2002

Elliott Smith – Oct. 21, 2003

Sandy West (Runaways) – Oct. 21, 2006

Levi Stubbs (Four Tops) – Oct. 17, 2008

Dee Dee Warwick – Oct. 18, 2008


Births

Jelly Roll Morton – Oct. 20, 1890

Chuck Berry – Oct. 18, 1926

Nico – Oct. 16, 1938

Nico

Manfred Mann – Oct. 21, 1940

Jim Seals (Seals & Croft) – Oct. 17, 1941

Steve Cropper – Oct. 21, 1941

Elvin Bishop – Oct. 21, 1942

Bobby Fuller – Oct. 22, 1942

Peter Tosh – Oct. 19, 1944

Leslie West – Oct. 22, 1945

Keith Reid (Procol Harum) – Oct. 19, 1946

Lux Interior (The Cramps) -- Oct. 21, 1946

Bob Weir – Oct. 16, 1947

Laura Nyro – Oct. 18, 1947

Laura Nyro

Patrick Simmons (Doobie Brothers) – Oct. 19, 1948

Gary Richrath (REO Speedwagon) – Oct. 18, 1949

Tom Petty – Oct. 20, 1950

Alan Greenwood (Foreigner) – Oct. 20, 1951

Keith Knudson (Doobie Brothers) – Oct. 18, 1952

Stiv Bators – Oct. 22, 1956

Karl Wallinger (The Waterboys, World Party) – Oct. 19, 1957

Steve Lukather – Oct. 21, 1957

Gary Kemp (Spandau Ballet) – Oct. 16, 1959

Bob Mould – Oct. 16, 1960

Norman Black (Teenage Fanclub) – Oct. 20, 1965

Ziggy Marley – Oct. 17, 1968

Shelby Lynne – Oct. 22, 1968

John Mayer – Oct. 16, 1977