A trove of memorable events occurred during this week in rock history. A rock and roll pioneer began work on his first album, The Beatles staged their last-ever public performance, and Kiss kicked off their career as one of rock’s most dynamic live bands. Read on for a look back at other significant moments that shaped rock and roll during this historically eventful week.

Events

1949 – RCA Records introduces the 45rpm single, thus making possible the advent of the jukebox.

1956 – Elvis Presley begins recording what will eventually become his first album.

Elvis Presley

1960 – Frank Sinatra launches Reprise Records, the first wholly-artist-owned record label.

1961 – Bob Dylan plays “Song to Woody” to Woody Guthrie during a visit to Greystone Park Psychiatric Hospital in New Jersey, where Guthrie is being treated for Huntington’s disease.

1963 – Neil Young plays his first show, performing at a country club in Winnipeg.

1964 – The Beatles’ “I Want to Hold Your Hand” begins a seven-week run atop the U.S. singles chart.

Beatles

1965 – James Brown records “Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag.” The song is the first Brown recording to feature his renowned lead guitarist Jimmy Nolen.

1966 – The Who perform their first-ever headlining show.

1969 – The variety show “The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour” airs on CBS for the first time.

1969 – The Beatles stage their famous rooftop concert atop the roof of Apple Records. The event constitutes the band’s final public performance.

1969 – Tommy Roe’s “Dizzy” lands on the pop charts.

1969 – Tommy James & the Shondells’ “Crimson and Clover” tops the U.S. singles chart. It holds that position for two weeks.

Tommy James

1971 – Harry Nilsson’s animated feature “The Point!” makes its TV debut on ABC’s “Movie of the Week.”

1973 – Kiss stage their first concert, performing at a club in Queens, New York.

1973 – The rock variety show “The Midnight Special” makes its debut on NBC.

1973 – Elton John’s “Crocodile Rock” begins a three-week run atop the U.S. singles chart.

1974 – Grand Funk records “The Loco-Motion.”

1976 – The Ohio Players’ “Love Rollercoaster” tops the U.S. singles chart.

1976 – David Bowie unveils a new persona – The Thin White Duke – on the opening night of a U.S. tour in support of his Station to Station album.

1983 – Men at Work top the singles chart and the album chart in both the America and the U.K., with the hit single “Down Under” and the album Business as Usual.

1985 – John Fogerty performs his first live show in years. Two weeks earlier he had released his landmark solo album, Centerfield.

1988 – The Cars break up.

2007 – Prince stages what’s generally considered one of the greatest Super Bowl halftime shows.

2011 – The White Stripes call it quits after releasing six albums.

2017 – Black Sabbath stage the final concert of the farewell tour, performing in their hometown of Birmingham in the U.K.


Releases

1966 – Gordon Lightfoot: Lightfoot!

1967 – Jefferson Airplane: Surrealistic Pillow

1968 – The Velvet Underground: White Light/White Heat

1968 – Steppenwolf: Steppenwolf

Steppenwolf

1969 – Moby Grape: Moby Grape ‘69

1972 – Neil Young: Harvest

1972 – Al Green: Let’s Stay Together

1972 – Flash: Flash

1972 – Jackson Browne: Jackson Browne

1973 – Alice Cooper: Billion Dollar Babies

1974 – The Doobie Brothers: What Were Once Vices are Now Habits

1976 -- Lynyrd Skynyrd: Gimme Back My Bullets

1976 – Grand Funk Railroad: Born to Die

1976 – Genesis: A Trick of the Tail

1976 – 10cc: How Dare You!

1976 – Mahavishnu Orchestra: Inner Worlds

1976 – Bad Company: Run with the Pack

1977 – Fleetwood Mac: Rumours

1977 – The Runaways: Queens of Noise

1980 – The Ramones: End of the Century

Ramones

1983 – Earth, Wind & Fire: Powerlight

1985 -- Hüsker Dü: New Day Rising

1986 – The Firm: Mean Business

1989 – The Replacements: Don’t Tell a Soul

1991 – Divinyls: Divinyls

1991 – Susanna Hoffs: When You’re a Boy

Susanna Hoffs

1994 – Green Day: Dookie

1997 – David Bowie: Earthling

1999 – Blondie: No Exit

2002 – Dream Theater: Six Degrees of Inner Turbulence

2004 – Scissor Sisters: Scissor Sisters

2008 – Iron Maiden: Live After Death

2012 – Ringo Starr: Ringo 2012


Deaths

Buddy Holly – Feb. 3, 1959

Ritchie Valens – Feb. 3, 1959

Slim Harpo – Jan. 31, 1970

Sid Vicious – Feb. 2, 1979

Professor Longhair – Jan. 30, 1980

Lightnin’ Hopkins – Jan. 30, 1982

Alex Harvey – Feb. 4, 1982

Karen Carpenter – Feb. 4, 1983

John Martyn – Jan. 29, 2009

Lux Interior (The Cramps) – Feb. 4, 2009

Don Cornelius – Feb. 1, 2012

Reg Presley (The Troggs) – Feb. 4, 2013

Rod McKuen – Jan. 29, 2014

Maurice White – Feb. 4, 2016

John Wetton (King Crimson, Asia) – Jan. 31, 2017


Births

Johnny “Guitar” Watson – Feb. 3, 1935

Don Everly – Feb. 1, 1937

Marty Balin – Jan. 30, 1942

Graham Nash – Feb. 2, 1942

Andrew Loog Oldham – Jan. 29, 1944

Charlie Musselwhite – Jan. 31, 1944

Terry Kath – Jan. 31, 1946

David Byron (Uriah Heep) – Jan. 29, 1947

Steve Marriott – Jan. 30, 1947

Dave Davies – Feb. 3, 1947

Al McKay (Earth, Wind & Fire) – Feb. 2, 1948

Alice Cooper – Feb. 4, 1948

Alice Cooper

Tommy Ramone – Jan. 29, 1949

Arthur Kane (New York Dolls) – Feb. 3, 1949

Mike Campbell – Feb. 1, 1950

Phil Collins – Jan. 30, 1951

Phil Manzanera – Jan. 31, 1951

John Lydon (aka Johnny Rotten) – Jan. 31, 1956

Lee Ranaldo (Sonic Youth) – Feb. 3, 1956

Jody Watley – Jan. 30, 1959

Jeff Hanneman (Slayer) – Jan. 31, 1964

Jonny Lang – Jan. 29, 1981