A trove of memorable events occurred during this week in rock history. The Beatles kicked off their first America tour, the final episode of “The Monkees” aired, and one of rock and roll’s pioneering legends passed away. Read on for a look back at other significant moments that shaped rock and roll during this historically eventful week.

Events

1962 – Drummer Pete Best is fired from The Beatles by manager Brian Epstein. Best has been a member of the band for two years and four days. He is replaced by Rory Storm and the Hurricanes’ drummer Ringo Starr.

1964 – The Beatles begin their first American tour, performing a 33-minute show at the Cow Palace in San Francisco.

1965 -- Sonny & Cher enjoy the first of a three-week run atop the U.S. singles chart with their single, “I Got You Babe.”

Sonny and Cher

1968 – A trio called Earth, who play blues and rock, makes their performance debut in a coffee house in a small town in New Jersey. The guitarist and singer is an 18-year-old named Bruce Springsteen.

1968 – The final episode of the TV show ‘The Monkees” airs on NBC. The series had won two Emmy Awards the previous year: one for Outstanding Comedy Series, and the other for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Comedy.

1969 – The Woodstock Music and Art Festival is staged at a 600-acre farm in Bethel, New York. More than 500,000 people attend the three-day festival.

1969 – The Beatles gather for the last time at EMI Studios in London. They wrap up the mixes for “I Want You,” and discuss the song sequence for the Abbey Road album.

1971 – Rod Stewart’s “Maggie May” is released.

Rod Stewart

1971 -- Led Zeppelin kick off a North American tour, performing in front of 17,000 fans in Vancouver, Canada.

1972 – “The Midnight Special,” hosted by Wolfman Jack, makes its debut on NBC. The show features War performing their current million-seller, “Slippin’ into Darkness.”

1972 – Chicago’s Chicago V album tops the U.S. album chart.

1975 – Peter Gabriel announces he is leaving the prog-rock band, Genesis. Over the next year and a half, the group auditions more than 400 singers before deciding that Phil Collins, their drummer since 1970, will step into the frontman spot left by Gabriel.

1977 – Elvis Presley is found dead at his Graceland Mansion in Memphis, Tennessee. The rock and roll icon was just 42 years old. At the time of his death, Presley’s estate was valued at $4.9 million. By 1993, its value is more than $50 million.

1979 – Led Zeppelin releases their final studio album, In Through the Out Door.

1980 – John Lennon begins recording the Double Fantasy album. The record will later be awarded a Grammy for “Album of the Year.”

1987 -- Guns N' Roses kick off their first North American tour, performing in Halifax, Nova Scotia, as opening act for The Cult.

1987 – Lindsey Buckingham leaves Fleetwood Mac, after refusing to tour behind the band’s latest album, Tango in the Night.

1991 – Nirvana performs a concert at The Roxy in Los Angeles, where they invite fans to attend the shoot for the video for “Smells Like Teen Spirit.” When filming begins two days later, the response is so massive that hundreds of fans have to be turned away.

1995 -- Foo Fighters make their U.S. network television debut, performing “This is a Call” on “The Late Show with David Letterman.”

1997 – The Rolling Stones announce plans for their “Bridges to Babylon” tour by driving up to the Brooklyn Bridge in New York in  a red ’55 Cadillac, with Mick Jagger at the wheel.

Rolling Stones

2005 – Sly Stone makes a rare public appearance, when he shows up the Knitting Factory in Hollywood to watch his little sister, Vet, perform with a Sly and the Family Stone tribute band.


Releases

1966 – Jefferson Airplane: Jefferson Airplane Takes Off

1970 -- The Band: Stage Fright

1971 – Mahavishnu Orchestra: The Inner Mounting Flame

1971 – The Who: Who’s Next

1974 -- Harry Nilsson: Pussy Cats

1975 -- Rod Stewart: Atlantic Crossing

1976 -- Burning Spear: Man in the Hills

1977 -- Doobie Brothers: Livin’ on the Fault Line

1978 -- The Who: Who Are You

1979 – Led Zeppelin: In Through the Out Door

1979 -- Bob Dylan: Slow Train Coming

1979 – XTC: Drums and Wires

1980 -- The Cars: Panorama

1980 – Yes: Drama

1981 -- The Pretenders: Pretenders II

1983 -- Cheap Trick: Next Position Please

1983 – Heart: Passionworks

Heart

1983 -- AC/DC: Flick of the Switch

1984 – Red Hot Chili Peppers: The Red Hot Chili Peppers

1985 -- John Cougar Mellencamp: Scarecrow

1989 – Red Hot Chili Peppers: Mother’s Milk

1990 -- Prince: Graffiti Bridge

1990 – Black Sabbath: Tyr

1991 – Joan Jett and the Blackhearts: Notorious

1991 -- Julian Lennon: Help Yourself

1992 – Motorhead: March or Die

1992 -- Eric Clapton: Unplugged

1994 – Neil Young and Crazy Horse: Sleeps with Angels

1997 – Fleetwood Mac: The Dance

2002 -- Black Sabbath: Past Lives

Black Sabbath

2003 -- Neil Young: Greendale

2003 -- Kings of Leon: Youth and Young Manhood


Deaths

Robert Johnson – Aug. 16, 1938

Elvis Presley – Aug. 16, 1977

Norman Petty (producer) – Aug. 15, 1984

Roy Buchanan – Aug. 14, 1988

Robert Calvert (Hawkwind) – Aug. 14, 1988

Tony Williams (The Platters) – Aug. 14, 1992

Betty Everett – Aug. 19, 2001

Vassar Clements – Aug. 16, 2005

Jerry Wexler (producer) – Aug. 15, 2008

LeRoi Moore (Dave Matthews Band) – Aug. 19, 2008

Jim Dickinson – Aug. 15, 2009

Richie Hayward (Little Feat) – Aug. 14, 2010

Scott McKenzie – Aug. 18, 2012

Allen Lanier (Blue Oyster Cult) – Aug. 14, 2013


Births

Ginger Baker – Aug. 19, 1939

Dash Crofts (Seals and Crofts) – Aug. 14, 1940

Johnny Nash – Aug. 19, 1940

Johnny Nash

David Crosby – Aug. 14, 1941

Isaac Hayes – Aug. 20, 1942

Kevin Ayers (The Soft Machine) – Aug. 16, 1944

Ian Gillan – Aug. 19, 1945

Larry Graham (Sly and The Family Stone) – Aug. 14, 1946

Jimmy Webb – Aug. 15, 1946

Ralf Hutter (Kraftwerk) – Aug. 20, 1946

James Pankow (Chicago) – Aug. 20, 1947

Tom Johnston (Doobie Brothers) – Aug. 15, 1948

Robert Plant – Aug. 20, 1948

Scott Asheton (The Stooges) – Aug. 16, 1949

Phil Lynott – Aug. 20, 1949

Slim Dunlap (The Replacements) – Aug. 14, 1951

John Deacon – Aug. 19, 1951

John Hiatt – Aug. 20, 1952

John Hiatt

Colin Moulding (XTC) – Aug. 17, 1955

Tim Farris (INXS) – Aug. 16, 1957

Belinda Carlisle – Aug. 16, 1958

Gilby Clarke – Aug. 17, 1962

Tanya Donnelly – Aug. 14, 1966

Dimebag Darrell – Aug. 20, 1966

Fred Durst – Aug. 20, 1970

Emily Robison (Dixie Chicks) – Aug. 16, 1972