Historically speaking, this week in rock music has been marked by a trove of memorable events. Buddy Holly made his final recordings, a great southern band reunited following a tragic loss, and a British icon achieved his first Number One album in America. A spate of classic albums was released as well, including landmark records by The Beatles, Bob Dylan and Def Leppard. Read on for a look back at other significant moments that shaped rock and roll during this historically eventful week.

Events

1957 – The Cavern Club opens in Liverpool.

1957 – Johnny Cash makes his first appearance on national TV, performing on “The Jackie Gleason Show.”

Johnny Cash

1959 – TV ratings service Arbitron reveals that “American Bandstand” is the most popular daytime show in the U.S.

1959 – Buddy Holly makes his final recordings, sitting alone with an acoustic guitar in his apartment in Greenwich Village.

1965 – The Rolling Stones and The Kinks make their debut on the pioneering music variety show, “Shindig!” Other guests include the Dave Clark Five and Gerry and the Pacemakers.

1967 – The Monkees perform live for the first time, staging a concert at The Cow Palace in San Francisco. The show is a sell-out.

1970 – Robert Moog unveils his “minimoog” synthesizer. Carrying a retail price of $2,000, the portable synth becomes the first such instrument to be taken out on tour by rock bands.

1973 – Jerry Lee Lewis performs at the Grand Ole Opry for the first time.

1974 – Former Free members Paul Rodgers and Simon Kirke team with ex-Mott the Hoople guitarist Mick Ralphs and former King Crimson bassist Boz Burrell to form the super-group, Bad Company.

Bad Company

1975 – Paul McCartney and Wings arrive in New Orleans to begin recording their Venus and Mars album. Sessions take place at Allen Toussaint’s Sea Saint studios.

1979 – Lynyrd Skynyrd reunite to perform for the first time since the horrific 1977 plane crash that took the lives of three band members.

1980 – Iconic southern rock label Capricorn Records files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.

1980 – Pink Floyd’s The Wall begins a 15-week run atop the U.S. album charts.

1981 – Motley Crue forms when bassist Nikki Sixx begins rehearsing with drummer Tommy Lee and singer-guitarist Greg Leon. Leon soon departs, with guitarist Mick Mars stepping in as replacement. Singer Vince Neil joins the band in April.

1982 – Ozzy Osbourne bites the head off a bat during a performance, believing the animal to be fake. Later it’s reported that Osbourne underwent a series of rabies shots.

1982 – B.B. King donates his 20,000-record album collection to the University of Mississippi’s Center for the Study of Southern Culture. Among the albums are 7,000 discs King played during his years as a Memphis disc jockey in the ‘50s.

BB King

1988 – Tina Turner performs for a crowd of 182,000 at a concert in Rio de Janeiro. At the time, the show marked the biggest-ever attendance turnout for a concert staged by a solo artist.

1996 – David Bowie, Pink Floyd, and the Velvet Underground are among the artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame during this year’s ceremony.

2000 – Carlos Santana’s Supernatural begins a multi-week run atop the U.S. album charts. The comeback LP goes on to earn eight Grammy wins.

2008 – Charlie Daniels is inducted into the Grand Ole Opry.

2016 – David Bowie’s Blackstar reaches Number One on the American album charts. The album is the first LP by Bowie to achieve this distinction.

Releases

1964 – The Beatles: Meet the Beatles!

Beatles

1966 – Simon & Garfunkel: Sounds of Silence

1967 – The Rolling Stone: Between the Buttons

1968 – Dr. John: Gris-Gris

1968 – Iron Butterfly: Heavy

1968 – Aretha Franklin: Lady Soul

1968 – Spirit: Spirit

1971 – ZZ Top: ZZ Top's First Album

1971 – Mountain: Nantucket Sleighride

1972 -- Blue Öyster Cult: Blue Öyster Cult

1974 – Bob Dylan: Planet Waves

1974 – Brian Eno: Here Come the Warm Jets

Brian Eno

1974 – Gordon Lightfoot: Sundown

1975 – Bob Dylan: Blood on the Tracks

1976 – Lou Reed: Coney Island Baby

1978 – Journey: Infinity

1980 – The Pretender: Pretenders

1983 – Def Leppard: Pyromania

1984 -- Bon Jovi: Bon Jovi

1987 -- Hüsker Dü: Warehouse: Songs and Stories

1988 – Megadeth: So Far, So Good... So What!

Deaths

Alan Freed – Jan. 20, 1965

Jackie Wilson – Jan. 21, 1984

Colonel Tom Parker – Jan. 21, 1997

Carl Perkins – Jan. 19, 1998

Wilson Pickett – Jan. 19, 2006

Denny Doherty (The Mamas & the Papas) – Jan. 19, 2007

Don Kirshner – Jan. 17, 2011

Johnny Otis – Jan. 17, 2012

Etta James – Jan. 20, 2012

Glenn Frey – Jan. 18, 2016

John Stewart – Jan. 19, 2008

Steve Knight (Mountain) – Jan. 19, 2013

Births

Leadbelly – Jan. 20, 1888

George Handy – Jan. 17, 1920

Sam Cooke – Jan. 22, 1931

Bob Bogle (The Ventures) – Jan. 16, 1937

Phil Everly -- Jan. 19, 1939

David Ruffin (The Temptations) – Jan 18, 1941

Richie Havens – Jan. 21, 1941

Janis Joplin -- Jan. 19, 1943

Rod Evans (Deep Purple) – Jan. 19, 1945

Dolly Parton – Jan. 19, 1946

Mick Taylor – Jan. 17, 1948

Robert Palmer – Jan. 19, 1949

Robert Palmer

Steve Perry (Journey) – Jan. 22, 1949

Dewey Bunnell (America) – Jan. 19, 1951

Randy California – Jan. 20, 1951

Paul Stanley – Jan. 20, 1951

Ian Hill (Judas Priest) – Jan. 20, 1952

Steve Earle – Jan. 17, 1955

Michael Anthony (Van Halen) – Jan. 20, 1955

Susanna Hoffs – Jan. 17, 1959

Susanna Hoffs

Michael Hutchence – Jan. 22, 1960

Steve Adler (Guns N’ Roses) – Jan. 22, 1965

Luther Dickinson – Jan. 18, 1973

Nick Valensi (The Strokes) – Jan. 16, 1981

Orianthi – Jan. 22, 1985